First Method Of Making The Background Stump Effect

To produce the stump effect, rub the chamois block in the box of crayon

sauce, and then with the large grey paper stump commence by putting in

the darkest parts and the cast shadow. Use the broad end of the stump,

moving it over the surface of the paper with an even and uniform

pressure, so that you will not make any dark spots. Make broad lines

and have them cross each other so as to form diamond shaped spaces,

onsiderable care and a very light touch in the lighter places.

Finish with the large rubber eraser, cutting it so that it will make

white lines about the same width as the black lines made with the

stump. Have these light lines run into the dark ones in some places,

and use the rubber so as to produce a dashing effect.


Take a handful of cotton batting, rub it in the box of crayon sauce,

and then on a piece of paper before applying it to the crayon paper to

make the background, being careful to avoid rubbing harder in some

places than others, as dark spots are likely to be caused in that way.

Commence by rubbing in close to the face and work out towards the edge

of the paper. Let the darkest part be closest to the face, shading out

in the form of a circle about six or eight inches from the face,

according to the subject, the upper line of the arc coming a little

above the head. Then make the cast shadow and finish with the large

rubber eraser, putting the lights, or cloud effect, as it is called, in

the background. When doing this, place the strainer high enough on the

easel to bring the centre of the picture on a level with your eyes,

then standing in front of it and about six feet off, decide upon your

plan of light and shade. After you have put in the first of the lights,

step back to the former position, and see if it gives the proper

effect. Continue this method of working until the background is

entirely completed.