Outlines Negative Outline

After the crayon paper has been mounted on the strainer and dried, the

next step is to obtain the outline. I will first treat of free-hand

crayons, taking it for granted that the reader is not able to produce

crayons from life, but works from a photograph. There are five

different methods of making an outline, from which the reader can make

his own selection.

Make a negative from the photograph that is to
be enlarged, and

construct for a room that is entirely dark, with the exception of one

window, a dark inside shutter, with an opening in it the size of the

negative you intend to use. Place a cleat on each side and at the

bottom of this opening, so that the negative may be made to slide in

front of it. Having removed the ground glass from your camera box,

fasten the latter against the shutter so that the opening comes in the

centre of the box. You can fasten it with four hooks and eyes, or

arrange cleats on the shutter and pieces on the box, so that it will

slide into place. Be sure and have the box come tight against the

shutter so that the light will be entirely excluded. Place the negative

over the small opening in the shutter and adjust the camera box; then

stand the easel with the crayon strainer on it at the proper distance

to give the required size of the enlargement and focus the image sharp

on the crayon paper. The strainer must stand at the same angle as the

shutter; that is, if the shutter is perpendicular then the strainer

must stand perpendicular also. Then go over the outline and shadow

lines with the charcoal, after which open the shutter and examine the

outline and see if it is right. As you are working in the dark you are

apt to overlook some lines. If you have done so you can close the

shutter again and make them. If it proves to be all right go over it

with the crayon point No. 2.