Dress Line Effect

The above illustration represents the effect of the lines in the dress.

In putting them in let every fold, sleeve and lapel have lines of its

own, that is, lines differing in direction so as to discriminate it

from the other parts of the clothing. These distinctive lines will lose

themselves in the wrinkles, in shadows, and in the next fold, where the

lines will have a different direction. The illustration is very crude,

> as it shows the lines before they are rubbed with cotton; after that

process they have quite a different appearance. In men's clothing the

lines may be drawn a little farther apart than in the treatment of the

finer texture of ladies' garments. After you have put in the lines with

the crayon point No. 2, go over them with a piece of cotton previously

rubbed in the crayon sauce, and then complete this part of the work by

the use of a dull eraser for the smaller lights, and the chamois for

the broad lights.

The crayon is now in good condition for finishing, which you will

proceed to do by the use of No. 0 Conte crayon and the nigrivorine

eraser, softening the lights with the former and the shadows with the

latter, until you have the whole portrait subdued, and no decided lines

of light and shade. Of course throughout these processes you must pay

close attention to all the characteristic points in the likeness, so

that the crayon will be a true and life-like reproduction. Do not sit

too close to the crayon in finishing; if you do, you will be

disappointed when you come to look at it from a slight distance, and

will not find at all that enchantment which distance is said to lend to

the view, as the crayon will disclose a spotty effect, and too great a

contrast between the lights and shadows.